·英语世界www.english-sky.com-致力做中国最专业的新概念英语网 ·网站论坛 网站博客 英语语法 在线练习 在线翻译 高级搜索 英语微博 添加收藏 设为首页
  • 今日天气:
  • 搜索:
    新概念英语论坛交流·好去处
    新概念英语最新学习资料大全
    新概念英语文本·视频·导读
    新概念英语文本·视频·导读
  • 主页 > 快乐彩自动投注软件 > 词汇语法 > 正文
  • 新概念语法详解:如何把主动语态变为被动语态

    作者:ihome 时间: 2011-05-20 09:10 来源:未知 点击:

      一、主动语态和被动语态概说

      英语的语态分主动语态和被动语态,主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,而被动语态则表示主语是动作的承受者。被动语态由“助动词be+过去分词”构成:

      Everybody likes him. 大家都喜欢他。 (主动语态)

      He is liked by everybody. 他受到大家的喜欢。(被动语态)

      二、主动语态变被动语态的方法

      1. 主动语态变被动语态的基本方法

      将主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语,将主动谓语变为被动谓语(be+过去分词),将主动语态的主语变为by短语(在被动句中用作状语):

      He broke the cup. → The cup was broken by him.

      【注意】若不强调动词执行者,被动语态中的by短语通常可以省略:

      He was born in 1986. 他生于1986年。

      What is this flower called? 这种花叫什么花?

      2. 双宾动词的被动语态

      双宾动词即指带双宾语的动词,它们在变为被动语态时,通常是把间接宾语(指人)变为被动语态的主语,而把直接宾语(指事物)保留下来(称为保留宾语):

      He answered me that question. → I was answered that question by him.

      有的动词则通常把直接宾语(指事物)变为被动语态的主语,而把间接宾语改为介词to 或for引起的状语(到底用to还是for,与所搭配的动词有关):

      He wrote her a letter. → A letter was written to her. (与动词write搭配用介词to)

      She made him a new coat. → A new coat was made for him. (与动词make搭配用介词for)

      有时以上两种方式均可用:

      He gave her some money. 他给她一些钱。

      → She was given some money. / Some money was given to him.

      He bought her a watch. 他给她买了一块表。

      → A watch was bought for her. / She was bought a watch.

      3. 被动语态的时态

      被动语态的时态由被动结构“be+过去分词”中的动词be来体现,其基本结构和用法如下:

      (1) 一般现在时的被动语态:am [is, are]+过去分词

      English is taught in our school. 我们学校学英语。

      We are taken good care of at school. 我们在学校受到很好的照顾。

      (2) 一般过去时的被动语态:was [were]+过去分词

      He was taken to the police station. 他被带到了警察局。

      The house was built ten years ago. 这座房子是10年前建的。

      (3) 一般将来时的被动语态:will be+过去分词

      A new building will be built here soon. 不久这里将建一栋新楼。

      The meeting will be held at two this afternoon. 会议将于今天下午2点举行。

      (4) 现在完成时的被动语态:have [has]been+过去分词

      All the work has been done now. 所有的工作现在都做好了。

      Have the letters been posted? 信都寄了吗?

      (5) 过去完成时的被动语态:had been+过去分词

      He said the work had been finished. 他说工作已完成了。

      (6) 现在进行时的被动语态:am [is, are] being+过去分词

      My watch is being repaired by him. 我的表正在由他修理。

      The plan is now being discussed. 计划现在正在讨论。

      (7) 过去进行时的被动语态:was [were] being+过去分词

      He said that the man was being operated on. 他说那个人正在动手术。

      He told me that a new station was being built. 他说正在修建一个新车站。

      (8) 过去将来时的被动语态:would be+过去分词

      He said that the meeting would be held next week. 他说会议将于下周举于。

      4. 含有情态动词的被动形式

      若主动语态中谓语含有情态动词,在相应的被动语态中通常应保留该情态动词,其结构为“情态动词+be+过去分词”:

      Everyone must know this. →This must be known by everyone.

      请看以下带情态动词被动句实例:

      This can’t be done in a short time. 这不是短期内可以完成的。

      Can this be done by machine? 这可以由机器来做吗?

      The work must be done at once. 这工作必须马上做了。

     

    上一篇:新概念英语语法详解:比较等级的修饰语小结 下一篇:没有了
    [进入论坛讨论]
  • 相关内容

      网站简介|版权声明|联系我们|友情链接|网站地图 | 广告服务|taps标签
      新概念英语(www.english-sky.com)广告、软文合作:Email:cn_66@126.com QQ:1020665377 271041883 Mobile:13910205640
      如有侵犯您的版权或其他有损您利益的行为,请联系指出新概念英语网会立即进行改正或删除相关内容
      新概念英语(www.English-sky.com)努力打造最具有实用价值的教师学生互动学习交流平台
      Copyright@2006-2008新概念英语网www.english-sky.comAll right reserved
      本网站在IE(Internet Explore)6.0及以上版本的浏览器中效果最佳。
      京ICP-56356745