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  • 新外贸常用词汇

    作者:ihome 时间: 2010-12-19 21:31 来源:未知 点击:

     


    国际贸易

    出口信贷 export credit

    出口津贴 export subsidy

    商品倾销 dumping

    外汇倾销 exchange dumping

    优惠关税 special preferences

    保税仓库 bonded warehouse

    贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade

    贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade

    进口配额制 import quotas top-sales.com.cn

    自由贸易区 free trade zone

    对外贸易值 value of foreign trade

    国际贸易值 value of international trade

    普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP

    最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT

    价格条件

    价格术语trade term (price term) 运费freight

    单价 price 码头费wharfage

    总值 total value 卸货费landing charges

    金额 amount 关税customs duty

    净价 net price 印花税stamp duty

    含佣价price including commission 港口税portdues

    回佣return commission 装运港port of shipment

    折扣discount,allowance 卸货港port of discharge

    批发价 wholesale price 目的港portof destination

    零售价 retail price 进口许口证inportlicence

    现货价格spot price 出口许口证exportlicence

    期货价格forward price

    现行价格(时价)current price prevailingprice

    国际市场价格 world (International)Marketprice

    离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board

    成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight

    到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight

    交货条件

    交货delivery 轮船steamship(缩写S.S)

    装运、装船shipment 租船charter (the chartered shep) 交货时间 time of delivery

    定程租船voyage charter; 装运期限time of shipment 定期租船time charter

    托运人(一般指出口商)shipper,consignor

    收货人consignee

    班轮regular shipping liner 驳船lighter

    舱位shipping space 油轮tanker

    报关clearance of goods 陆运收据cargo receipt

    提货to take delivery of goods

    空运提单airway bill 正本提单original B\\L

    选择港(任意港)optional port

    选港费optional charges

    选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers account

    一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment

    一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.

    一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment

    在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots

    在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots

    分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments

    分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments

    立即装运 immediate shipments

    即期装运 prompt shipments

    收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C

    允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted

    partial shipment not unacceptable

    交易磋商、合同签订

    订单 indent 订货;订购 book; booking

    电复 cable reply 实盘 firm offer

    递盘 bid; bidding 递实盘 bid firm

    还盘 counter offer 发盘(发价) offer

    发实盘 offer firm 询盘(询价) inquiry; enquiry

    交易磋商、合同签订

    指示性价格 price indication

    速复 reply immediately

    参考价 reference price

    习惯做法 usual practice

    交易磋商 business negotiation

    不受约束 without engagement

    业务洽谈 business discussion

    限**复 subject to reply **

    限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **

    有效期限 time of validity

    有效至**: valid till **

    购货合同 purchase contract 销售合同 sales contract

    购货确认书 purchase confirmation

    销售确认书 sales confirmation

    一般交易条件 general terms and conditions

    以未售出为准 subject to prior sale

    需经卖方确认 subject to sellers confirmation

    需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation

     

     

    贸易方式

    INT (拍卖auction) 寄售consignment

    招标invitation of tender

    投标submission of tender

    一般代理人agent 总代理人general agent

    代理协议agency agreement

    累计佣金accumulative commission

    补偿贸易compensation trade

    (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade

    (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade

    来料加工processing on giving materials

    来料装配assembling on provided parts

    独家经营/专营权exclusive right top-sales.com.cn

    独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement

    独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency;

    exclusive agent

    品质条件

    品质 quality 原样 original sample

    规格 specifications 复样 duplicate sample

    说明 description 对等样品 countersample

    标准 standard type 参考样品 reference sample

    商品目录 catalogue 封样 sealed sample

    宣传小册 pamphlet 公差 tolerance

    货号 article No. 花色(搭配) assortment

    样品 sample 5% 增减 5% plus or minus

    代表性样品 representative sample

    大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality

     

     

    商检仲裁

    索赔 claim 争议disputes

    罚金条款 penalty 仲裁arbitration

    不可抗力 force Majeure 仲裁庭arbitral tribunal

    产地证明书certificate of origin

    品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity

    重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)

    **商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)

    品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate

    数量条件

    个数 number 净重 net weight

    容积 capacity 毛作净 gross for net

    体积 volume 皮重 tare

    毛重 gross weight

    溢短装条款 more or less clause

    外 汇

    外汇 foreign exchange 法定贬值 devaluation

    外币 foreign currency 法定升值 revaluation

    汇率 rate of exchange 浮动汇率floating rate

    国际收支 balance of payments 硬通货 hard currency

    直接标价 direct quotation 软通货 soft currency

    间接标价 indirect quotation 金平价 gold standard

    买入汇率 buying rate 通货膨胀 inflation

    卖出汇率 selling rate 固定汇率 fixed rate

    金本位制度 gold standard 黄金输送点 gold points

    铸币平价 mint par 纸币制度 paper money system

    国际货币基金 international monetary fund

    黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve

    汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuatio


     

     

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